Recently Ancestry.com has been advertising its substitute for the 1950 census. More correctly, I suppose, they could also be advertising the 1940 census substitute as well.
The data they are referring to is their growing collection of city directories. Those publications contain at minimum the names and addresses of the people in the covered cities. They offer information about employment and spouses also. For instance in the 1947 city Directory for Ashland, Wisconsin, my father is shown with his address, his place of employment, and his job there. In the same listing is my mother and her occupation and place of employment.
If you have not looked at this growing collection of city directories, you may want to check it out.